Every electrical engineer have seen silica gel in Transformer. This article is wholly based on Silica gel.
Why Silica gel required in Transformer?
What are functions of Silica gel in Transformer?
When to change the silica gel?
In transformers Silica gel portion is referred as Silica gel breather. It is usually connected to conservator tank through a breathing pipe.
Whenever transformer is loaded i.e. near to full load, temperature of the Transformer oil get increased which leads to expansion of transformer oil means volume of oil get increased. Now when Volume of oil get increased air trapped above oil level in conservator tank comes out.
Now when transformer is lightly loaded transformer oil cools down which will leads to decrease in transformer oil volume. Which will leads to air from surroundings get enter above conservator oil level, now this air contains moisture which must be needed to removed otherwise it will leads to moisture getting mixed with oil. If this moisture get mixed with oil than that will be very harmful for transformer Insulation. To remove this moisture silica gel is used. Silica gel absorbs this moisture and doesn’t allow moisture gets enter into transformer.
As during this process air leaves and enters the transformer that is why this is knows as silica gel breather. Which means transformer is breathing.
Silica Gel color and changing silica gel period