Saturday, June 18, 2016

Locked rotor current calculations

Locked rotor current as clear from its name is the current which motor must overcome for accelerating the motor. When motor is switched on motor isn’t turning and always draws maximum current. When motor starts accelerating this current goes down This locked rotor current is greater than full load current. This locked rotor current required to start the motor depend on the type of motor as well as the specified design voltage required for the motor, typically the higher the voltage, the lower the required amperage or current. 

Locked rotor current is 3-8 times the rated current of motor.

 "locked rotor current" is the current that would be drawn if the rotor were locked in place so it can't turn.

At locked-rotor, each phase of an induction motor stator looks like a series R-L circuit.
Locked rotor inrush current graph is as shown below:-

Locked rotor inrush current

Table for NEMA motors NEMA code letters for locked-rotor KVA/HP is below:-

Locked rotor current table

Let’s take an example of motor having motor rating of 30 HP and rated current of 34.9A. With code letter of G. Now lets calculate the locked rotor current of the motor.

From the table you will see that for Code letter G locked rotor range for KVA/HP is 5.6-6.3.

Now lets calculate what will be the locked rotor current for motor:-

KVA/HP X HP X1000= 1.732 X Vline X Iline

Lower range of locked rotor current will be:-
5.6 X 30 X 1000 = 1.732 X 460 X Iline
Iline = 210.8 A

Now Upper range of locked rotor current is:-
6.3 X 30 X 1000 = 1.732 X 460 X Iline
Iline = 237.2 A

So range of Locked rotor current is 210.8A to 237.2 A.

Locked rotor torque
The Locked Rotor Torque or Starting Torque is the torque the electrical motor develop when its starts at rest or zero speed.

A high Starting Torque is more important for application or machines hard to start - as positive displacement pumps, cranes etc. A lower Starting Torque can be accepted for centrifugal fans or pumps where the start load is low or close to zero.