Brake obviously used to reduce the speed of any moving, rotating equipment’s. In day to day activity we use brakes in vehicles to stop them or reduce the speed of the same.
We come through braking of 2 types:-
(i) Electrical Braking
(ii) Mechanical braking
In mechanical braking speed is reduced by using mechanical process. But in electrical braking both electrical and mechanical systems are used for braking.
Electrical braking system works on the principle of reversing the direction of flux.
In most of systems motor is allowed to slow down and eventually stops after switching off the power supply of the motors. But for certain systems braking are needed to be provided. There are various types of motors such as Induction motors, DC motors, Single phase motors, And Synchronous motors etc. As these all types of motors are different from each other so type of braking method will also differ from each other.
There are following type of electrical braking systems:-
1. Regenerative braking
2. Dynamic braking
Above stated types will be used for all types of motors, Now let’s discuss about them briefly in this article:-